Support for business

Foreign capital in Poland

Poland was very successful in attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) in the 1990s. Its market size, membership in the OECD (1996) and NATO (1999), as well as its recent membership in the European Union (May 2004), have made it attractive to foreign investors.

According to the newest report by the Ministry of Economy, in 2012 FDI inflow to Poland amounted to approximately EUR 4,716 m.

The majority of resources came from Germany, France and Great Britain.

Economic projections

„The improving economic outlook in the main trading partners and the resulting pick-up in Polish exports are set to invigorate private investment and the labour market, which in turn is expected to support the recovery of private consumption. Real GDP growth is forecast to accelerate to 2.9% in 2014 and to 3.1% in 2015, slightly above current estimates of potential output growth.”

European Economic Forecast: Winter 2014, European Commission, Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs, p. 88

Investment incentives

Enterprises that invest or expand their activity in Poland may apply for various types of tax and nontax investment incentives such as investment grants, training grants, tax exemptions and many others. Support comes from both domestic and EU sources. Investment incentives constitute aid that is non-refundable and free of additional costs. Grants are credited to the investors' account after the completion of the investment.

EU funded aid

According to the details of the new 2014-2020 EU budget, Poland will get the Cohesion Policy funds of approximately EUR 72.9 bn. This staggering amount makes Poland the biggest recipient in the given period. It's worth noting that the funds allocation for 2014-2020 is considerably higher than the 2007-2013 Cohesion Policy subsidies which amounted to about EUR 67 bn. Therefore, investors will have more opportunities to successfully apply for financial support.

Regional Aid Map

The total value of aid that an investor obtains cannot exceed the maximum aid intensity level determined for a given region of Poland and it depends on:

  • location of the investment (aid intensity level);
  • investment value (eligible expenses);
  • enterprise size.

Different types of regional aid such as investment grants, CIT exemptions in SEZ can be accumulated up to the maximum aid intensity level. The Regional Aid Map in Poland for 2014-2020 was set at the level of 16 administrative units of Poland known as "voivodships" presenting available aid intensity.

Regional Aid Map in Poland (2014-2020)

In practice, a large company planning to invest in Katowice region may benefit from refund of 25 % of eligible costs.

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